The Root Takahira Agreement (高平 ・ ルPalestinianト協定, Takahira-Rūto Kyōtei) was an agreement between the United States and the Empire of Japan, negotiated between United States Secretary of State Elihu Root and Japanese Ambassador to the United States Takahira Kogorō. It was a declaration of the long-standing policy of the two nations, much like the Taft-Katsura Agreement of 1905. Both agreements recognized important overseas territories controlled by each nation. ROOT TAKAHIRA AGREEMENT, an agreement reached on November 30, 1908 by U.S. Secretary of State Elihu Root and Japanese Ambassador Baron Kogoro Takahira. She expressed the wish of both governments to develop their trade in the Pacific; its intention to uphold the open door policy and China`s independence and integrity; His determination to respect the territorial possessions of the other in the Pacific; and their willingness to communicate with each other when these principles are threatened. (A previous proposal for such an agreement in October 1907 had been rejected by the Japanese government, but the proposal was renewed when Count Katsura became Prime Minister of Japan.) The proposal has been hailed by the U.S. as helpful in appeasing the widely held belief that a war between the two countries is imminent, a belief inspired by disputes over Japanese immigration, anti-Japanese measures in California, and the high-profile voyage of the U.S. fleet across the Pacific. The deal was greeted enthusiastically in European capitals, but did not confess to the Chinese, who feared it would strengthen Japan`s position in China. Through this agreement, the United States recognized Japanese rule in Manchuria, while Japan conceded, in exchange, America`s colonial rule over the Philippines. The agreement seemed to indicate cordial relations between the two emerging powers. However, some saw him as a “horse of harassment” meant to gauge Japanese receptivity to U.S.
interests in Asia. Critics have attacked President Roosevelt for sacrificing Chinese interests in Manchuria and Korea in favor of improving relations with Japan. Others feared that the agreement would not include any measures to guarantee China`s independence and territorial integrity. . . .
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